is a laboratory of creative processes founded by Isabel Collado and Ignacio Peydro that is committed to pushing the boundaries of the built environment with innovative architectural solutions. In each of their projects, the design strategies and solutions are a reflection of design research, using practice as an experimentation platform in which architecture navigates a wide scope of design interests that transcend basic pragmatic requirements. Each project is undertaken as an opportunity to explore creative design methodologies, strategies and solutions, always driving their attention towards the feasibility of building technology, structural systems and sustainable environmental strategies. The research fineness of their architecture practice has led Isabel Collado and Ignacio Peydro to be involved as researchers and teachers in prestigious universities and research centers such as MIT, IE University and the Architectural Association in London. DOSIS excellence in design practice has been recognized with multiple worldwide awards such as an award in the first edition of the Holcim Awards for Sustainable Construction, J5 Young Architect Prize or the BUILD Architecture Prize among others.
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Photo © Iwan Baan
Second Dome in London Fields 2016
... the sky on the other side of the membrane ... photo: ©DOSIS
FLOAT was a creative experience that in London happened at the AA Summer School 2015. Under the direction of Isabel Collado & Ignacio Peydro FLOAT explored the creative and material possibilities of pneumatic structures.
Following the inflatable tradition initiated by groups and individuals such as Eventstructure Research Group, Graham Stevens, Arthur Quarnby or Archigram we are interested in the space generation capacity that enclosed gas has as an alternative tectonic for architectural creation. The work of Unit 4 – FLOAT - during the three weeks of AA Summer School 2015 converged upon the possibilities contained in Lighter Than Air structures and artifacts to enable alternative ways of social interaction and urban activation.
While urbanity is typically defined by hard and heavy matter placed in space, the activation of that space depends just on the contingency it contains; on the events that happen inside. Our aim was to activate ultra light material by enclosing a lighter than air gas within its boundaries. This gas can take the form of helium or heated air, which has a lower density than the atmospheric air surrounding the membrane. This physical principle will make the structure float in the air, providing a new space between the ground and itself for social interaction.
The simplicity of production and the economy of materials allowed the proliferation of prototypes and structures that made the students achieve a high dexterity in this type of tectonic production. While our original intention was to create one single structure that could house the final party of the AA Summer School by July 24, some unplanned performances arose throughout the first two weeks of July while playing with pneumatics that subdivided the research in two complementary research topics that produced parallel artifacts. ‘The Jellyfish’ was an ultralight structure made out of clear plastic membrane that floated over the AA terrace to allow social interaction under it during the day of the final presentations. On the other hand, ‘The hard inflatable’ explored the capacity of generating pneumatic structures with a hard surface that will ultimately provide new unexplored tectonic properties to pneumatic structures.
The result of both explorations deepened into the ongoing research that the tutors undergo on pressurized structures and advanced the state of the art in pneumatic structures opening new research paths that may eventually generate further tectonic products of inhabitation and urban interaction.
HOTEL IN CORDOBA, SPAIN
PRIMARY SCHOOL IN SORENS, SWITZERLAND
PRIMARY SCHOOL IN URSY, SWITZERLAND
BICYCLE SHOP IN MADRID
SWIMMING POOL AND SPORTS CENTER IN BARCELONA
SOCIAL CENTER IN BARCELONA
EVENT CLOUD is a versatile covering system that allows events to happen independently to weather conditions. It consists of a lighter than air pneumatic structure, filled either with helium or hot air, that covers spaces by floating over them. Weightlessness permits EVENT CLOUD to theoretically cover an infinite surface, overcoming traditional large span structures proper weight limitation. It also simplifies structural manufacturing, thus reducing construction energy consumption and waste. EVENT CLOUD overcomes gravity by enclosing within the boundaries of its limits a gas that weights less than air to make the whole structure react to the medium it is placed in: air. This type of thinking implies the understanding that architecture creates objects that are inserted into a dynamical system within the fluid of atmosphere rather than isolated objects that only respond to compositional relations within themselves.
Single family house refubrishment and expansion in Oleiros, La Coruña, Spain.
Casa V consists on the refubrishment, adaptation and expansion of an existing house, designed and built in the early 1960’s. The family that inhabits the house has been spending the holidays in it for almost fifty years. In that time, even though the number of family members has increased, the house had remained the same, being unable to fulfill current and future needs. The intention of the project is to make a place where three generations of one same family can enjoy their holiday simultaneously. For that purpose, a new house is made for the two younger generations, which consists on a side wing that articulates itself with the old building on the northeast. The rooftop of this new house serves as a private garden for the pre-existing house as a landscape response to the existing topography. The original house accommodates now the spaces for family and social interaction, as well as the rooms of the first generation. Each family member has its own independence while remaining a part of a single set. A multilayered wall defined by a single construction detail, which serves both as structure and as thermal and environmental overcoat, meanders in order to embrace the multiplicity of events that occur in the house. Spaces are defined by the unfolding of matter in space-time, which topologically adapts itself to what happens inside. The new house is formalized by the continuous flow of a completely neutral wrap – no edges, no color, no texture - and, within this wrapping, life, action, is the protagonist.
Rehabilitación y Ampliación de Vivienda Unifamiliar en Oleiros, La Coruña.
La Casa V consiste en la rehabilitación, adaptación y ampliación de una vivienda de vacaciones existente, realizada a principio de los años 1960. La familia que habita la casa lleva casi cincuenta años pasando las vacaciones en ella y, en ese tiempo, el número de miembros de la familia ha ido creciendo, pero la casa había permanecido igual sin poder cumplir con las necesidades actuales y futuras. La intención del proyecto es la de realizar un lugar en donde puedan disfrutar de sus vacaciones tres generaciones de la misma familia simultáneamente. Para ello, se realiza una nueva vivienda para las dos generaciones más jóvenes, que consiste en un ala lateral articulada con la antigua edificación en su arista noreste y cuya cubierta, como respuesta a la topografía existente, sirve de jardín privado a la vivienda actual. Por su lado, la vivienda original aloja ahora sólo los usos de interacción familiar y social, así como las habitaciones de la primera generación. Cada miembro de la familia tiene su independencia pero formando parte de un conjunto único. Un muro multicapa definido por un único detalle constructivo, que sirve tanto de estructura como de abrigo térmico y medioambiental, serpentea para abrazar los distintos acontecimientos que suceden en la casa. Los espacios se definen al disponerse la materia en el espacio tiempo, y ésta se adapta topológicamente a lo que sucede en su interior. La nueva vivienda se formaliza por el discurrir continuo de en un envoltorio neutro – sin aristas, sin color, sin textura - en donde la vida, la acción, es la protagonista.
MODULAR PATIO HOUSE STUDY
DESIGN RESEARCH FOR A MODULAR HOUSE IN THE COUNTRYSIDE
Ignacio Peydro + Isabel Collado